Top Paid iPad Apps Books

by Oceanhouse Media

$1.99 | Released 7/12/2017
30% OFF for a limited time! The best-selling Dr. Seuss classic “The Sneetches” comes to life with playful interactivity, delightful animations and fun activities! FEATURES - Delightful animations on ev …
by PlayDate Digital

$2.99 | Released 7/17/2014
Reading a book can take you anywhere! That’s what Spike finds out when his favorite comic book magically hoofs the ponies and him into battle with a dastardly supervillain in the middle of Maretropolis …
by PlayDate Digital

$2.99 | Released 6/19/2014
The TRANSFORMERS RESCUE BOTS have finally landed…in their first-ever interactive storybook app! Are you ready to join them on their rescue mission? When a new Sky Forest tower is constructed in Griffin …
by Scholastic Inc.

$4.99 | Released 1/17/2013
**Best Apps for Ages 6-8 – selected by Apple** **What’s Hot! – selected by Apple** **Featured App in the Books and Education categories! – selected by Apple** **New and Noteworthy in the App Store! – s …
by Egmont Kids Media Digital A/S

$2.99 | Released 7/10/2013
Join all your favourite ponies as they prepare for a Royal Wedding in the magical kingdom of Canterlot! Includes following languages: English, Chinese, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Estonian, Hungarian,  …
by Oceanhouse Media

$1.99 | Released 1/12/2016
--- 60% OFF for a limited time! --- The best-selling, classic book “Dr. Seuss’s ABC“ comes to life with playful interactivity, delightful animations and learning activities! From Aunt Annie riding an A …
by Tecarta, Inc.

$5.99 | Released 4/15/2009
The NIV Bible is Tecarta's Bible app and includes a local version of the New International Version (2011) of the Bible. You get a very fast app designed for Bible Study, quick navigation and easy note  …
by PlayDate Digital

$2.99 | Released 5/7/2015
“This one’s a must have for the Transformers lovers in your home.” ~ appPicker.com “The educational value of this app is perfect for young readers.” ~ Toy Insider “Get ready for some dino-mite Transfor …
by Inkstone Software, Inc.

$1.99 | Released 12/10/2012
***** Over 1,215 5-star ratings Get over 11,500 free audiobooks, 77,500 old time radio dramas, and 250,000 premium audiobooks. With new audiobooks added daily. If you love to read but can't find the ti …
by Tecarta, Inc.

$5.99 | Released 5/27/2009
The Message Bible is Tecarta's Bible app and includes a local version of The Message Bible. You get a very fast app designed for Bible Study, quick navigation and easy note taking. No other Bible app m …
by PlayDate Digital

$3.99 | Released 11/2/2016
It’s time for the annual Astronomy Festival and the world’s top astronomers have gathered at Griffin Rock Observatory to check out a historic solar flare! However, a mysterious set of calamities could  …
by Tecarta, Inc.

$1.99 | Released 10/19/2014
James Strong, former professor of exegetical theology at Drew Theological Seminary, spent more than thirty-five years preparing his landmark concordance. First published in 1890 with the help of more t …
by Egmont Kids Media Digital A/S

$3.99 | Released 4/22/2015
Design your own pony–listen to narrated stories and read along–Complete activities and earn your own cutie mark! Join Twilight Sparkle, Rainbow Dash, Rarity, Fluttershy, Pinkie Pie, and Applejack as th …
by Oceanhouse Media

$4.99 | Released 8/18/2015
The best-selling, classic book "Green Eggs and Ham" comes to life with playful interactivity, delightful animations and learning activities! *** Parents’ Choice - Gold Award Winner *** *** Academic's C …
by Usborne Publishing

$3.99 | Released 11/16/2012
Little girls will love dressing the princesses in this delightful app based on the bestselling Sticker Dolly Dressing Princesses book from Usborne Publishing. Reviews for the Sticker Dolly Dressing app …
by MultiPie

$3.99 | Released 11/7/2016
Calibre Companion (CC), recommended by calibre developers, is three applications in one: - a superb device-based calibre library organiser - a high-performance WiFi-based calibre device emulator - a ca …
by Inkstone Software, Inc.

$1.99 | Released 8/29/2010
Access over 2 million (and counting) FREE Books, Right From Your iPhone, iPad, or iPod Touch... … and all for less than the price of a paperback * “If there's an app that offers more e-book bang for th …
by StoryToys Entertainment Limited

$3.99 | Released 5/25/2016
Test your detective skills in Batman Unlimited: Gotham City’s Most Wanted, a puzzle adventure app for tablets, mobile phones and Apple TV, combining decision-making, problem-solving and fast-paced acti …
by HarperCollins Christian Publishing, Inc.

$9.99 | Released 7/11/2011
Millions of people have had their lives impacted by the encouraging words of Sarah Young in the best selling, 365-day devotional, Jesus Calling®. The Jesus Calling App is the mobile version of the time …
by HarperCollins Publishers

$0.99 | Released 5/2/2012
**Special Introductory Price: Only $.99!** Pete the Cat wants to groove along with his friends at the school concert, but he can’t find his guitar! Help Pete the Cat find his guitar and search for hidd …
by Fox and Sheep GmbH

$1.99 | Released 11/25/2015
We received the "Editor´s Choice" award by Apple for "Little Fox Animal Doctor" And in addition our app was awarded the "Tech with Kids' Best Pick Award" for exceptional design of a children's app. Lit …
by If Then Dev, LLC

$1.99 | Released 12/10/2012
BookScanner App is the ideal app for anyone who has to work with a popular reading comprehension system in school. How many times have you had to type in a book name to find out what level it is, or ho …
by Intelligenti Ltd

$7.99 | Released 4/30/2010
Tips & Tricks – Secrets for iPad is your complete guidebook to all things iOS. Whether you’re an iPad novice or a tablet veteran, we cover everything from getting started to hidden features and secret  …
by Bean Creative

$1.99 | Released 11/28/2011
Make Nancy look extra fancy in this first-ever official Fancy Nancy game app! Nancy’s going to a splendid soiree — that’s fancy for party! Read her storybook and then create fancy outfits on every page …
by Inkstone Software, Inc.

$0.99 | Released 7/1/2012
***** Over 1,000 5-star ratings If you’d like an almost endless supply of FREE books delivered directly to your iBooks app -- or almost any other eBook reader app -- then you’ll want to install eBook S …
by Disney

$5.99 | Released 10/27/2011
Three-time Caldecott Honoree Mo Willems brings the Pigeon to the digital screen with this original, feature-rich, animated app. “Don’t Let the Pigeon Run This App!” lets you create your own Pigeon stor …
by Tecarta, Inc.

$23.99 | Released 12/10/2011
Welcome to the all new, full-color NIV Study Bible! The world's bestselling, most comprehensive Study Bible is now available for iPhone and iPad. Featuring stunning full-color video, photographs, maps, …
by Nosy Crow

$4.99 | Released 2/16/2011
*** Major new update! *** A brand new, trilingual edition of our award-winning The Three Little Pigs app, with newly created Spanish and Chinese text and audio, newly optimised artwork, and more! * Win …
by Oceanhouse Media

$4.99 | Released 2/7/2017
The best-selling Dr. Seuss classic “Fox in Socks” comes to life with playful interactivity, delightful animations and Learning Activities! FEATURES - Tap and drag to find playful surprises throughout t …
by Lazy Yards

$0.99 | Released 12/3/2010
*** than 240 spells *** Enter the world of magick with this book, containing plenty of spells for all kind of needs. Spells can range from simple incantations to complex magical rituals. Abracadabra, A …
by PlayDate Digital

$2.99 | Released 10/15/2014
Boo! There’s at least one night of the year when it’s fun to be scared! For our favorite fillies, that’s Nightmare Night! But when reformed Princess Luna decides to join the celebration, will she find  …
by Oceanhouse Media

$4.99 | Released 6/18/2013
Dive into 4 exciting Byron Barton interactive book apps for new readers! Explore pictures, learn new vocabulary, and personalize the story with your own narration. Enjoy Planes, Boats, Trains, and Truc …
by Anubha Goel

$2.99 | Released 11/13/2014
This app is like an interactive book with clear images and sounds. It will help the kids learn how to spell and read their first words. Designed keeping in mind the level of kids at this stage. With th …
by Loud Crow Interactive Inc.

$3.99 | Released 10/22/2010
** iPad Hall of Fame ** ** iPad Apps Starter Kit ** ** Kirkus Top Book App of 2010 ** ** Winner of Parents' Choice Gold Award ** ** Children's Tech. Review Editor's Choice ** ** iPhone and iPad App of  …
by Touch Press Inc

$13.99 | Released 12/21/2010
A breakthrough electronic book about our Solar System, offering hours of interactive exploration and presenting a treasure trove of visual information. Bestselling author Marcus Chown leads us on a gra …
by Loud Crow Interactive Inc.

$3.99 | Released 4/19/2011
** Kirkus Reviews - Kirkus Star ** Children's Technology Review Editor's Choice ** Common Sense Media - 5 Stars ** Parents' Choice Awards Recommended ** Apple New and Noteworthy JUST MOO IT! Sandra Boy …
by Nickelodeon

$3.99 | Released 12/8/2011
Jump in to this fun-filled interactive storybook adventure full of music, narration, and tappable story moments providing a fun reading experience time after time. Dora's friend Unicornio learns that h …
by Varietas Software, LLC

$1.99 | Released 5/8/2009
The original top ranked book database in the app store!! iBookshelf is your personal portable library reference. A comprehensive book database, created and continuously maintained through extensive fee …
by Random House LLC

$4.99 | Released 1/21/2011
* - Top 5 Paid Book iPad app - January 2011 * - Named one of the 50 Best Apps for Kids by Babble.com * - "A delightful interactive app for iPads." -Through The Looking Glass * - "A great way to introdu …
by Apps4kids games

$2.99 | Released 6/15/2011
An interactive story book suitable for children aged 2 and up. First readers will love it! # App of the week, picked by Apple # 1 in US Appstore paid books "Kids who love picture books, or who are emer …
by Inkstone Software, Inc.

$4.99 | Released 10/16/2009
If you’d like to read faster than you ever thought possible… racing through novels, business reports, college books, and more… and remembering almost everything you read… then you’ll want to install Qu …
by wonderkind GmbH

$1.99 | Released 5/2/2013
Let your kids exploring our world of firefighters and policemen: just tap and watch the scenes coming to life. It's all truly interactive, with adorable animations and whimsical sounds. ▶ Recommended b …
by Wee Society LLC

$2.99 | Released 8/6/2012
***Common Sense Media Highest 5-Star Rating*** ***Cool Mom Tech Pick of the Year*** ***Parents' Choice Silver Award Winner*** ***Webby Awards Official Honoree - Best Visual Design*** "The coolest thing …
by Fox and Sheep GmbH

$1.99 | Released 1/27/2016
"Editor´s Choice Award" by Children´s Technology Review for Excellence in Design! wired.com: "It’s not quite a storybook, and not quite a video game. It’s ostensibly for kids, but its creative appeal i …
by Megapops LLC

$1.99 | Released 8/1/2011
HONORS FOR MILLIE WAS HERE • Editor’s Choice Award, Children’s Technology Review (2011) • App of the Week, FOXNews (Sept 2011) • Featured by Apple in New & Noteworthy, and What’s Hot (Aug 2011) • Reach …
by Ruckus Media Group

$2.99 | Released 6/14/2011
“Bumpers up!” Join Chuck and his friends as you tap the screen to learn letters and words, play games and watch videos. This interactive reading adventure is ideal for young truck-lovers, fans of HUB T …
by Tribal Nova

$2.99 | Released 7/10/2014
**A Children eBook Awards Silver Winner - Best Language Development and Early Childhood App** **A National Parenting Publications Awards Silver Winner - Children’s Products** Discover the Great Outdoor …
by PlayDate Digital

$2.99 | Released 8/27/2015
The biggest fashion contest of the year is about to kick off in the bustling metropolis of Manehattan, and it’s Rarity’s chance to shine—an opportunity to take the fashion capital of Equestria by storm …
by iStoryTime, Inc.

$3.99 | Released 8/8/2013
Oh no... Smurfette has been captured by the evil wizard Gargamel! Find out what happens to her in iStoryTime’s The Smurfs 2 Movie Storybook Deluxe on your iPhone and iPad. The evil wizard Gargamel crea …
by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

$4.99 | Released 2/19/2015
***2015 Best App for Teaching and Learning—American Association of School Librarians*** *** Bologna Ragazzi Digital Award, Special Mention Fiction—Bologna Children’s Book Fair*** ***2015 Cinekid Lion B …
by Auryn Inc.

$2.99 | Released 7/11/2012
Your child’s imagination will soar with this magical storytelling app! Rich interactive experiences they’ll return to time and time again! See why People Magazine called it "cool" and "loads of fun"! G …
by himalaya-soft

$2.99 | Released 7/26/2013
Beautiful images, elegant formatting, and graceful page turning. Contents live from Project Gutenberg with last-minute update, more than 53,000 most important books ever published in history. Plus more …
by Oceanhouse Media

$3.99 | Released 12/18/2013
Join the Berenstain Bears in this interactive book app as Brother and Sister visit the Bearsonian Museum when a real dinosaur dig is taking place! Explore pictures, learn new vocabulary, and personaliz …
by Miles Kelly Publishing

$0.99 | Released 2/20/2012
Grab the companion app to Discover the Extreme World by Miles Kelly Publishing. Get ready to explore our awesome planet with Extreme World! Produced in association with Discovery Channel™, Extreme Worl …
by Fisher-Price

$1.99 | Released 11/7/2013
Introducing Learning Letters with Mailbox! Read and sing along with baby’s favorite Laugh & Learn™ characters! This interactive app features an interactive story for baby to enjoy with dynamic characte …
by Irene Deev

$1.99 | Released 10/22/2016
The interactive story for kids about the Three Little Pigs and the Big Bad Wolf. No adverts, no in-app purchases! * More than 50.000 downloads in a short time! * Recommendation from Apple in more than  …
by Shane Heffron

$5.99 | Released 9/27/2014
The Mirror Bible is a paraphrase translation from the original Greek text of the bible. The Mirror brings a fresh perspective to the table and while the detailed shades of every Greek word has been clo …
by Missionary Solutions

$2.99 | Released 9/23/2011
For those return missionaries who served foreign missions, you will find that reading General Conference is a fantastic way to retain your mission language. This app enables you to study the text and a …
by Sunbreak Games, LLC

$2.99 | Released 3/1/2017
Take an interactive journey around the world, discovering diverse environments and the animals that call them home, in this animated adaptation of the award-winning children's book, Care for Our World. …
by Breathing Books

$3.99 | Released 4/17/2013
The Reckless app is a compendium of living stories that expand on the fantasy world of best-selling author Cornelia Funke's Reckless novels. The app combines cinema, storybook, and interactive elements …
by Big Book Apps, LLC

$4.99 | Released 8/21/2015
Finally, a modern audiobook version of the classic Alcoholics Anonymous Big Book! Other audio versions of the Big Book were recorded decades ago, and they sound like it. This newly-recorded version bri …
by Pokey Toad Studios

$1.99 | Released 11/2/2012
Saying sorry is something we all must do--even monsters say they're sorry. Little Blue Monster is learning to say he's sorry. This cute and engaging story teaches children the importance of good manner …
by GOOD KNIGHT STUDIOS PTY LTD

$1.99 | Released 7/14/2015
Over 35,000 downloads from the App store. Rated in the Top 6 kids book apps by Flying start kids/Mums Delivery. Winner in the Family category - App Design Awards 2015. Winner in the Child & Toddler cat …
by Oceanhouse Media

$2.99 | Released 3/12/2014
Join Pteranodon in this interactive book app as she soars above the ocean, swooping down to pick up fish to bring back to her babies! Explore pictures, learn new vocabulary, and personalize the story w …
by Desdoo

$2.99 | Released 1/16/2013
The first doctor-proof app !! It's a reading revolution. JoyTales presents the first stories for bedtime and any other time of the day! Tab, the White Bat: the first story thought up to help children d …
by Hmong District of the C&MA

$9.99 | Released 10/3/2015
This is the Hmong District of the C&MA's Hymn App for Blue Hmong (Hmoob Ntsuab).
by APPetizers

$0.99 | Released 4/24/2014
Animal Jokes is an interactive visual jokes book for kids, all about our friends in the animal kingdom, by best-selling author and illustrator, Riley Weber. Included are simple clean funny jokes about  …
by NOE GUERRERO

$0.99 | Released 12/2/2016
Interactive tale about the life of Buddha, the Awakened One. This story from the Buddha's life has been specially adapted for children. A nice and funny way to introduce kids to buddhism. English/Spani …
by Mikhail Bulatov

$0.99 | Released 1/7/2015
Книга чудово ілюстрована, озвучена і наповнена анімацією. Це справжній подарунок для всіх! Ми пропонуємо вашій увазі корисне видання, розвиваюче такі здібності вашої дитини, як мислення, логіка, уяву.  …
by Oceanhouse Media

$4.99 | Released 10/11/2016
The best-selling Dr. Seuss classic “Horton Hears a Who!” comes to life with playful interactivity, delightful animations and fun activities! Horton is back! After his first appearance in “Horton Hatche …
by Sesame Street

$3.99 | Released 11/23/2011
This is an animated storybook app, which will humorously help teach your child early reading and logic skills. Interactive storytelling gets kids excited to read along! ** Parents' Choice Gold Award! * …
by PlayDate Digital

$3.99 | Released 4/7/2016
#1 Kids App in over 20 countries! #1 Book App in over 60 countries! Are you ready for a Spud-tacular adventure? MR. POTATO HEAD stars in his first-ever interactive storybook app – MR. POTATO HEAD: Scho …
by Nickelodeon

$4.99 | Released 3/8/2011
Experience Dora's Ballet Adventure in an interactive storytelling adventure! Dora’s dance class is getting ready for a special dance recital and her whole family’s there to watch her perform. They just …
by Usborne Publishing

$3.99 | Released 9/13/2011
A sticker dressing app for girls based on the bestselling and much-loved Usborne Sticker Dolly Dressing books. Little girls can dress up the dolls again and again and create scenes with over 200 sticke …
by Oceanhouse Media

$12.99 | Released 4/25/2012
*** Special Discounted Price for a Limited Time *** Dive into 5 exciting interactive book apps featuring the Five Little Monkeys- a group of clumsy but well-intentioned little monkeys who don't always  …
by Sesame Street

$4.99 | Released 12/22/2010
This is an animated storybook app, which will humorously help teach your child about emotions and early reading skills. The best-selling classic becomes an interactive storybook! ** Reached No. 1 in Bo …
by PlayDate Digital

$2.99 | Released 1/29/2015
Getting your cutie mark is part of growing up in Equestria. Earning a cutie mark signifies that a pony has discovered his or her special talent and can use that talent to shine and make a difference in …
by Dean Huff

$0.99 | Released 12/18/2015
The best and easiest AA Big Book app on the App Store! Includes all you need to read and study the Big Book on the go. Great for all members of Alcoholics Anonymous. Features: Main 164 pages 60+ Person …
by Loud Crow Interactive Inc.

$3.99 | Released 3/4/2011
** iTunes App of the Week ** ** Parents' Choice Silver Award Winner ** ** Kirkus Reviews - Kirkus Star ** Boynton Moo Media teams up with award-winning Loud Crow Interactive, to bring to life her belov …
by Ruckus Media Group

$2.99 | Released 9/22/2011
“Friendship is Magic!” MY LITTLE PONY is now available as an interactive storybook to read together with your kids. They’ll tap and tilt the screen in fun activities that move the action forward—learni …
by Nickelodeon

$3.99 | Released 9/6/2012
Join Dora the Explorer as she looks for Boots' red boots in her first interactive Hide-And-Seek storybook adventure! Swipe along the arrows to uncover the red things to see what, or who it could be! Ba …
by Loud Crow Interactive Inc.

$4.99 | Released 11/8/2012
Nominated as Best Story Book App, Best App Ever Awards Goodnight noises everywhere... 65 years ago, Margaret Wise Brown and Clement Hurd created one of the most beloved bedtime books of all time. Now,  …
by Oceanhouse Media

$1.99 | Released 12/18/2010
Join Little Critter in this interactive book app as he spends the day in the city with his mom. Explore pictures, learn new vocabulary, and personalize the story with your own narration. From the train …
by Ruckus Media Group

$2.99 | Released 12/8/2010
Who’s knocking on the mouse hole? When mouse peeks out, he sees Milo…and off they go! Down the hall…through the kitchen…up the stairs…across the piano…around and around and around and around—Milo and m …
by StoryToys Entertainment Limited

$2.99 | Released 12/11/2014
This is a storybook and early-learning reading app, which will help teach your child about love and friendship as you enjoy storytime together. ** Winner of The Appy Awards Best Book App ** ** Winner o …
by Oceanhouse Media

$4.99 | Released 7/27/2016
The best-selling Dr. Seuss classic “One Fish Two Fish Red Fish Blue Fish” comes to life with playful interactivity, delightful animations and fun activities! *** Editor's Choice - Children's Technology …
by CUPCAKE DIGITAL INC

$2.99 | Released 10/13/2012
*** Available now in Spanish and English! Switch with a simple press of a button! ***A Parents' Choice Classic, Fun Stuff Award Winner *** Famigo APProved - top rating! *** Awesome Kids Apps - top revi …
by Phoenix International Publications, Inc.

$2.99 | Released 4/25/2014
Eric Carle’s On the Farm: Animal Sounds and More is a new educational app from the creators of Potty Time with Elmo. In this app for very young children, 25 farm animals are introduced one by one. Touc …
by AppBank

$5.99 | Released 10/30/2009
✔ 2009년 이후 꾸준히 사랑 받아 온 스테디 셀러! (Universal) ✔ 한/영/중 성경, 찬송가, 영어사전 + 백업 기능과 함께! NIV, ASV, 중국간자체성경, 한글성경, 영어사전 그리고 찬송가를 하나로 묶은 iPhone/iPad 겸용 Universal 어플리케이션입니다. 국내 최초 데이터 백업 기능 외에 쉽고 빠른 성경찾기부터, 역본 대역, 북 …
by Tizio BV

$0.99 | Released 3/2/2011
=> Featured as "What's Hot" by Apple => Beloved childrens' storybook app Going on the potty... It's not always easy! Especially when you really need to go and you cannot find it. But when you do, every …
by Nosy Crow

$0.99 | Released 9/18/2013
What do you get when you cross a goat with a turkey? Why, a gurkey, of course! What about a pig with a sheep? Well, that would be a peep, naturally! The original brilliant app in the hugely popular Fli …
by Oceanhouse Media

$1.99 | Released 9/18/2013
----- 33% OFF FOR A LIMITED TIME ----- Learn about dinosaurs with duck-bills, club tails, spiked bodies and more in this one of a kind Alphabet of Dinosaurs storybook app. From Ankylosaurus to Zigongos …
by Curious Labs

$3.99 | Released 2/28/2013
"...every aspect of Jubitron the Girl Robot: The Lovely Little Picnic oozes quality." -BestAppsForKids The Lovely Little Picnic is the first story in the Jubitron: The Girl Robot series. The book featu …
by New Thinkers

$1.99 | Released 2/28/2011
فهذه رقية شرعية ثابتة من كتاب الله تعالى وسنة رسوله صلى الله عليه وسلم ، عمل بها عباد الله الصالحون ووجدوا فيها العافية والشفاء والبركة ، وهي البديل الشرعي الأصيل أمام الرقى الشركية والبدعية التي ما أن …
by Tecarta, Inc.

$16.99 | Released 7/17/2013
The MacArthur Daily Bible takes a portion of the Old Testament, New Testament, Psalms, and Proverbs for each day of the year, with daily comments that guide and inform you as you read through the Bible …
by Playtales, S.L.

$2.99 | Released 12/19/2013
The new interactive book from VeggieTales is here! “God Made You Special” is the perfect story for teaching little ones that God made each and every one of us special and unique! “God Make You Special, …
by Tecarta, Inc.

$16.99 | Released 4/21/2014
Dr. Jack Hayford, founding pastor of The Church on the Way, has a team of anointed leaders to produce the Even after more than twenty years, the offers a fresh look at the Scriptures and the work of th …
by Oceanhouse Media

$4.99 | Released 1/10/2017
The best-selling Dr. Seuss classic “Hop on Pop” comes to life with playful interactivity, delightful animations and fun activities! *** Children's Technology Review Editor's Choice Award Winner *** *** …
by Kimico, Ltd.

$4.99 | Released 10/9/2010
BookBuddy is a powerful book management application that gives you access to your entire book catalog, anywhere. Using BookBuddy is fun and easy, allowing you to quickly find any book in your library,  …
by Tecarta, Inc.

$14.99 | Released 8/6/2015
The Life Recovery Bible is today's #1-selling recovery Bible and is based on the 12-step recovery model. It was created by two of today's leading recovery experts, David Stoop, Ph.D., and Stephen Arter …