Top Paid Apps Utilities

by Bickster LLC

$5.99 | Released 3/24/2018
Find lost AirPods, headphones, earbuds, or headsets in seconds! Find one of your lost AirPods or both lost AirPods. - #1 Utilities app in the App Store! - Featured 5 times on the App Store - Over 10,00 …
by Open Planet Software

$4.99 | Released 9/21/2015
Just Press Record is the ultimate mobile audio recorder bringing one tap recording, transcription and iCloud syncing to all your devices. You can even start a new recording completely hands-free with S …
by Florian Schimanke

$1.99 | Released 2/21/2014
*** COMPATIBLE WITH WORD, EXCEL AND POWERPOINT FOR IOS *** With AnyFont it is finally possible to install any additional font in TrueTypeFont- (.ttf), OpenTypeFont- (.otf) or TrueType Collection- (.ttc …
by 2kit consulting

$0.99 | Released 11/16/2018
Chromecast Mirroring is the easy screen sharing tool to mirror your iPhone or iPad screen on Chromecast in Full HD Quality. Mirror photos, videos, games, websites, apps, presentations, documents and sp …
by Calculated Industries

$24.99 | Released 5/5/2010
Two in one: the official Construction Master® Pro from Calculated Industries for your iPhone and iPad includes two models: #4065 and #4080 (CM Pro with Trig). And while perhaps obvious, if you change f …
by Ndemic Creations

$2.99 | Released 4/11/2017
Enter the lab and develop your own custom scenarios for Plague Inc. with this powerful yet easy to use tool. Create new plague types, worlds, events and more and then share them with friends and over 8 …
by Sean Harding

$0.99 | Released 8/8/2018
Completely stop phone calls that look like they're coming from phone numbers similar to yours. We're all sick of getting these spam calls, and now you have a simple and easy way to do something about i …
by Medic Ventures Inc

$0.99 | Released 2/13/2019
Robokiller blocks neighbor spoofing robocalls instantly, simply enter the first 6 digits of the phone number and it's done, no need to access your contacts. At best, these calls annoy. At worst, they d …
by Peak Studios LLC

$9.99 | Released 1/29/2009
For serious shooters who are serious about their shot!!! ••• The most advanced ballistics calculator on the market ••• Trusted by the best: Armed Forces / Shooting Instructors / Lifelong Marksmen ••• A …
by Laan Labs

$0.99 | Released 9/19/2017
AirMeasure™ is The Ultimate Augmented Reality Measuring ToolKit with over 15+ unique modes to create the most accurate measurements possible. ( Formerly named 'AR Measure' ) Loaded with features, the a …
by Chau Thi Minh Thuy

$3.99 | Released 7/18/2017
••20% OFF! $4.99 -> $3.99, limited time sale! ••Over 10 million users choose BTNotification! ••Thank you for your support! Smart Watch wearable applications, real-time data exchange Bluetooth. Applicat …
by Crossfire Designs

$4.99 | Released 4/29/2013
iConnectHue will bring out the best of your Philips Hue lights! Organize your Hue Lamps: Assemble groups for rooms, areas or special purposes. Light up your party, dinner or bedroom in your favorite co …
by Primate Labs Inc.

$0.99 | Released 9/10/2016
Geekbench provides a comprehensive set of benchmarks engineered to quickly and accurately measure processor and memory performance. Designed to make benchmarks easy to run and easy to understand, Geekb …
by Omar Mody

$1.99 | Released 3/7/2014
Red Onion is a unique browser that lets you access the Internet privately and anonymously. With Red Onion you can bypass corporate, school, public wifi internet filters and access the entire Internet w …
by DO DUONG DUC

$2.99 | Released 11/8/2018
Wifi Signal Pro - No Ads version of Wifi Signal Strength Meter. Wifi Signal Strength Meter - The First App provide details information for your wifi. Wifi Signal use unique technology to detect wifi si …
by LSC, LLC

$4.99 | Released 7/17/2012
Quickly scan any room for hidden cameras and make sure no one is spying on you! Thousands of downloads and counting! Up to 90% less than a hardware spy camera detector! Spy cameras are so common they c …
by David Likosar

$0.99 | Released 8/10/2012
Direct Remote is a Wi-Fi remote control for your DIRECTV receiver that allows you to control your receiver using your iPhone, iPod touch or iPad from anywhere on your Wi-Fi network. Works with Genie Cl …
by Appsverse Inc.

$3.99 | Released 8/5/2011
+ "Photon browser is a powerful and versatile Safari alternative that excels in its Flash support..." - USAToday + Photon for iPad is #1 in Utilities in US, UK and top 30 overall app around the world.  …
by KISSAPP, S.L.

$1.99 | Released 2/24/2016
*** 50% OFF FOR A LIMITED TIME ONLY *** With this app you can install Mods and Addons for Minecraft. If you have doubts you can consult the help. You can add all the Mods you want. Easy with just one c …
by Performix

$1.99 | Released 9/30/2016
AdGuard Pro is More than just ad blocking in Safari! It’s the most effective adblock browser plugin with data tracking prevention. With AdGuard Pro you can select different DNS service providers, which …
by ThinAir Wireless

$0.99 | Released 6/2/2009
Top 3 Paid App in US, #1 in Utilities Category (Aug. 2009) · CNN: "iPhone App Helps Track Sex Offenders" · Today Show, NBC September 4th: "Is Your Family Safe From Sex Offenders" · Fox & Friends FOX: " …
by SensusTech LLC

$4.99 | Released 12/21/2018
Lost your Bluetooth headphones? Now you can find it in seconds! Find your lost AirPods, Beats, Bose, Jabra, Jaybird, JBL, and more. Works with any BLE (Bluetooth Low Energy 4.0) headphones, headset, or …
by Asher L. Poretz

$3.99 | Released 11/3/2014
Recommended and shared by thousands of users! Mentioned as the iOS app to use in these guides: ◆ wired.com - How to Sweep For Bugs and Hidden Cameras ◆ techlicious.com - The Secrets to Finding Hidden C …
by SkyPaw Co. Ltd

$7.99 | Released 7/10/2017
"Decibel X PRO" is one of very few sound meter apps on the market that has highly reliable, pre-calibrated measurements and supports frequency weightings: ITU-R 468, A and C. It turns your iOS device i …
by Anthony Agatiello

$1.99 | Released 2/1/2018
EveryCord, by the makers of iRec, flawlessly records your iOS 11 screen and saves it locally on the device at full HD and 60 FPS. Our app supports device-wide screen capture/recording – it IS NOT a “we …
by Techet

$3.99 | Released 9/18/2012
An advanced tool for network diagnostics, LAN scanning, and problem detection. Network Analyzer can help you diagnose various problems in your wifi network setup, Internet connectivity, and also detect …
by Moms on Call LLC

$3.99 | Released 2/27/2017
Exhausted? Overwhelmed? We can help! Atlanta’s best-kept secret, Moms on Call, strikes again with this updated App that provides parents with peace of mind in the palm of their hand! With pre-set sched …
by cheyoujia

$0.99 | Released 1/12/2019
NEXT-GEN GRAPHICS Using outstanding 3D rendering techniques, CAR++ features the most beautiful and authentic cars to date. HUGE SELECTION 80+ cars online,release cars every week according to the user's …
by Junecloud LLC

$4.99 | Released 9/19/2008
Deliveries helps you keep track of all your packages, so you always know when they’re going to arrive. Whether it's the latest gadget you've preordered online, or a new graphic novel you can't wait to  …
by Jianhui Zhu

$1.99 | Released 6/27/2017
App Launching Sale. Was $4.99, now 100% Off, Only Today. BLEFinder is the coolest app for you to find your lost bluetooth devices, like fitness band&tracker, digital watch and etc. Instructions: 1. Ope …
by Tommaso Concato

$2.99 | Released 3/16/2017
Know if someone unlocked your screen and is spying on your device! True security against physical access. It works if they know your password and even if no password is set for the lock-screen. iAmNoti …
by Filipe Freitas

$0.99 | Released 12/20/2016
Create watch faces for your Apple Watch. Insert text, save image and sync. That's it! :) Why not insert your name or even your favorite quote as a watch face? With AWC Faces app you can make Apple Watc …
by WinZip Computing LLC

$4.99 | Released 8/7/2013
Get the world’s #1 zip utility on iOS! Create Zip and Zipx files, encrypt, open Zip, Zipx, 7z, RAR or LHA files, send large files by email, share to Dropbox, Google Drive, OneDrive, iCloud, Twitter or  …
by anhua feng

$18.99 | Released 2/5/2015
This is a amazing card-reader app. Customer can use it to read and write magnetic card with wairless, via bluetooth connection between Mobil device ,as same as iPhone, iPad ,Mac.
by Yao Ruan

$1.99 | Released 7/20/2010
Remote Mouse™ turns your iPhone or iPad into a user-friendly remote control for your computer. It simulates the function of wireless mouse, keyboard and touchpad, also provides a variety of specialty c …
by InnovationBox

$0.99 | Released 2/12/2019
Do you need to make more calculations using your last calculation result? Are you having trouble, remembering your last calculation result? If YES: (Don’t worry) Kalkulator is made for you! It will hel …
by Appmosys

$1.99 | Released 7/8/2014
Easily search for songs by their lyrics! If you only know part of the lyrics for a song but can't figure out the title or artist, simply enter the lyrics you know and hit search! A list of matching son …
by iHandy

$0.99 | Released 11/5/2009
Alarm Clock Pro turns your iPhone or iPod touch into a beautiful digital clock with gorgeous themes and an alarm clock that sings your favorite tunes. There is even a built-in flashlight to light up th …
by Ganger Cai

$3.99 | Released 1/18/2017
** The Pro Edition of Emoji App! ** With this app, texting to friends becomes much more interesting! No limits & No ads! Sometimes an emoji can express yourself well on texting. You can always find an  …
by Bickster LLC

$5.99 | Released 5/4/2016
Find Your Lost Apple Watch, iPhone, iPad, Pencil, And Other Bluetooth Devices Fast. Need Help Finding Your Watch, Phone or Device? Find It In Seconds! Try The App Now! Thousands of people have found th …
by Apalon Apps

$3.99 | Released 12/4/2013
Wake up and go to sleep to your favorite music, never sleep through your alarm again, get your own collection of exclusive designer clocks, know weather conditions in your area, countdown to important  …
by Impala Studios

$2.99 | Released 10/9/2010
Basic calculator for everyday calculations and a scientific mode for more extensive math. Easy to use and functional! High productivity is guaranteed due to big buttons and convenient features packed i …
by Anner Bonilla

$1.99 | Released 1/5/2011
NOTE: If the application closes unexpectedly please try deleting and downloading again. *** This app let's you in a easy and convenient way to check the balance of your AutoExpreso Account and reload y …
by CloudMosa, Inc.

$4.99 | Released 12/13/2010
Puffin Web Browser is wicked fast. Once users experience the thrilling speed of Puffin, regular Mobile Internet feels like torture. Puffin Browser Pro is the premium version of the Puffin family. It is …
by Vince Internet Company Enterprises LLC

$2.99 | Released 3/29/2017
Sometimes finding items on BidFTA can be difficult. However, with FTA Search, your days of scouring the auction pages for the best deals are over! FTA Search, the unofficial tool kit for Fast Track Auc …
by John Eason

$1.99 | Released 4/3/2017
All in ONE free RINGTONES App (convert music & record with mic & use extensive library) Create, Edit and Customize your own personalized Ringtones and Alert Sounds with this App! Never again pay for yo …
by SMART LIMITED

$0.99 | Released 11/23/2016
== 公告 == Wingy暂不支持Mac端,如有需要请下载“香蕉加速”APP 有任何问题请邮件联系jackd9760@gmail.com 尽快给您答复 如果问题比较大,请在邮件中留下您的QQ,我会尽快联系您 Smart Proxy Utility For SS,Http(s),Socks5 如需购买流量套餐,您可以选择 1.无限流/月,价格20元人民币(限3台设备) 2.无限流/半年,价格108元 …
by Calculated Industries

$19.99 | Released 5/5/2010
Feet-Inch-Fraction Construction-Math Calculator by Calculated Industries The official Construction Master® 5 from Calculated Industries is now available for your iPhone and iPad. And while perhaps obvi …
by Kyle Kendall

$0.99 | Released 8/17/2014
Riffle Raffle allows you to make your own raffles and pick a random winner. If you have multiple entries for one person, Riffle Raffle will take that into account when selecting a winner. No limit to t …
by ivan colasanti

$1.99 | Released 2/17/2015
NO IN-APP PURCHASES, NO ADVERTISING! After 3 years on the Store and hundreds of thousands of downloading all over the world, Dontspy spy bug detector renews itself with a 2.0 version! Now reading data  …
by Alan Mrvica

$3.99 | Released 1/18/2013
SWAP units by pressing button on keypad (lower left) OPTIMIZED for iPhone X, XS, XS Max, XR, 5, 5S, SE, 6, 6+, 7, 7+, 8, 8+ OPTIMIZED for iPad Pro 12.9 (1st, 2nd, 3rd gen), 11, 10.5, 9.7, Air, Air 2, M …
by doo GmbH

$6.99 | Released 7/15/2015
Scanbot is the best mobile scanner app for documents and QR codes. Create high-quality PDF or JPG scans with just one tap. Send files via email or as a fax. Upload them to iCloud Drive, Box, Dropbox, E …
by Calculated Industries

$24.99 | Released 1/30/2013
Advanced Pipe Trades Math for iPhone And while perhaps obvious, if you change from an iOS device to a non-iOS device, you WILL need to buy a new license as they are incompatible. The Pipe Trades Pro fo …
by Guilherme Verri

$3.99 | Released 7/28/2017
Find your Lost Airpods, Earbuds, Headphones, Fitbit, Fitness Tracker, and many more! Find my Device is certified to work with the following bluetooth devices (it works with any Bluetooth 4.0 device, bu …
by R.P.A. Tech

$1.99 | Released 9/15/2008
Mobile Mouse instantly transforms your iPhone, iPad, and Apple Watch into a wireless trackpad, remote, keyboard, and MUCH more for your Mac or PC. Sit back and surf the web, browse your photo library o …
by Apps by Alex AB

$0.99 | Released 6/14/2013
*Top 5 Best Web Browsers for iPhone* /iMore.com Night Web Browser by Alex is THE ONLY web browser that lets you DIM 100% of your screen, including the keyboard, status bar, web videos like YOUTUBE and  …
by Hoa Nguyen

$1.99 | Released 9/23/2018
GO SMS Pro - Best SMS Schedule with many cool features! The brand new messaging app is simple, intuitive, personalizing and fun! GO SMS Pro comes with beautiful themes, GO SMS Pro faster, safer and ton …
by Ken Pletzer

$9.99 | Released 12/15/2012
This app is a CLIENT for the Blue Iris Windows PC software. In order to make use of this app, you must have Blue Iris version 4 installed and running on a Windows PC or VM. Instructions for connecting  …
by Salavat Khanov

$4.99 | Released 4/26/2018
Optimized for Safari, 1Blocker improves your browsing experience by blocking ads, trackers and other annoying webpage elements, such as popups, persistent cookie consent dialogs, and invasive newslette …
by SkyPaw Co. Ltd

$3.99 | Released 4/14/2010
The most handy measuring tool kit in the world. Turning your iPhone or iPad into a multi functional measuring device with: metronome, stopwatch, timer, seismometer, ruler, surface level and many more.  …
by Emoji Apps GmbH

$1.99 | Released 4/25/2013
Get new "Emoji 3D Keyboard" Hundreds of animated Emojis :) LOT’S OF CATEGORIES: • Alien • America • Animal • Baddies • Celebration • Cool • Emotion • Everyday • Food • Funny • Greetings • Halloween • H …
by Christopher Collins

$0.99 | Released 11/19/2014
GifVid lets you convert GIFs to Videos and vice versa! Select from any of the gifs or videos in your photos library and easily convert them over you can then share with your friends through iMessage, I …
by Dropouts Technologies LLP

$0.99 | Released 4/23/2017
Blaze is the ultimate complete file manager for different file types for iOS! Manage any files you have downloaded from browser or transferred from Mac / PC. Super Awesome Features: 1. Auto detection o …
by MaaDoTaa

$14.99 | Released 1/26/2017
Learn about your car: Battery Health, Driving Efficiency, Miles Driven, Phantom Drain, Charging History Charge Reminder, Open Door/Trunk Notification - Unique features o A graph that shows your battery …
by daisuke yamaguchi

$0.99 | Released 6/20/2018
Have you been annoyed by YouTube advertisements? This application will instantly resolve that irritation ""Ad Blocker for YouTube"" Please enjoy a video watching experience free of banners and inserted …
by FlameFront Studios

$2.99 | Released 5/8/2018
ForzaTune 7 is designed to help you get better grip and more control while racing. It's the only tuning calculator that quickly matches your car, your driving preferences and the road surface. With For …
by iUniform

$3.99 | Released 10/12/2012
The only App that builds your entire Army Service Uniform (ASU) and shows all the measurements! FEATURES: * This App supports the latest AR 670-1 and DA PAM 670-1 (31MAR2014) updates for wear and appea …
by Valerii Andrusyk

$2.99 | Released 11/7/2016
Allows you to block spammers using phone number prefixes. Forget about unwanted calls, SMS and MMS, and spammers spoofing tricks. No subscriptions, no in-app purchases, pay once and use for any ranges  …
by GO Dev Team

$3.99 | Released 3/8/2016
※ Over 1000+ colorful themes and weekly update ※ ※ Over 40 languages and 60 keyboard-layouts ※ ※ Funny stickers are all in here ※ Awesome Features: - Fantasy stickers: Stickers make your input more fun …
by Ilya Rudentsov

$0.99 | Released 1/8/2018
You don't want to forget such things as your keys, passport, laptop, flash drive or umbrella, do you? "Screen notes" will definitely help you! Millions of people around the world already use this app,  …
by David Caddy

$0.99 | Released 8/13/2015
The quickest and easiest way to convert between pounds (lb) and kilograms (kg). Features Include: - Select your preferred number of decimal places
by iHandy

$1.99 | Released 10/17/2008
The lightest, prettiest and most handy carpenter tool kit in the world, right on your iPhone! Get 5 professional tools in ONE app at only half the price of buying each! You can hear from app reviewers  …
by BRIJIT SHEELIA

$0.99 | Released 10/24/2013
Are your photos zoomed in when setting as wallpaper? Wallax app has 100s of options to solves the wallpaper zooming issue. Featured in iMore.com as No 1. Choice for Best Wallpaper Apps "One of my favor …
by James Delemar

$0.99 | Released 7/11/2010
There is no other APFT program as complete as this one! Updated publications and forms to most current versions to date. The Army Fitness APFT Calculator calculates and fills out Army Physical Fitness  …
by Red Rock Software Development LLC

$2.99 | Released 7/27/2018
Do you want to mirror your TV with your phone? This app mirrors the pictures and videos from your phone directly to your Hisense TV! The best way to share images and videos! Get this app today! "To use …
by Jean Alger

$2.99 | Released 9/18/2015
Add a mouse mode to the stock Amazon Fire TV or Fire TV Stick remote control. Features: Use your remote control as a mouse. Works just like a regular mouse that can click, long click, wheel up, wheel d …
by iHandy

$0.99 | Released 7/31/2009
The quickest, prettiest and most easy to use tip calculator ever! Calculate tip and split the bill among friends in just 5 seconds with tax, international currency and 5 rounding support! Enjoy another …
by Jean Alger

$1.99 | Released 4/8/2015
Add a virtual mouse, keyboard, and remote to your Amazon Fire TV or Amazon Fire TV Stick. Features: Virtual mouse / touchpad with TV screen pointer D-Pad with left, right, up, down, and select controls …
by Bonsaisoft LLC

$1.99 | Released 10/15/2014
Never forget to raise the American Flag at full-staff or half-staff using the "Flag Day” Application. The app alerts you for scheduled & unscheduled national half-staff and full-staff too so your flag  …
by LS Apps

$1.99 | Released 9/12/2011
Downloads is a powerful download manager. - FEATURES - Integrated web browser - Supports multiple page browsing - Tap and hold to force download - Show all links in the current page - Save web pages wi …
by Francis Bonnin

$0.99 | Released 7/11/2008
Morse-It is an easy to use application that allows to translate, interpret, type, learn, convert Morse code, and much more. It is retina display enhanced, universal binary (run on iPhone/iPod and iPad) …
by Kinnaman Software LLC

$0.99 | Released 12/2/2017
Block annoying scammers who hide behind fake phone numbers. Do you get unwanted calls from phone numbers similar to your own? This is known as caller ID neighbor spoofing, and it's a common trick to tr …
by Tigran Mkhitaryan

$1.99 | Released 11/24/2012
Optimized for iPhone 5,5S , iPhone 6, iPhone 6 Plus. iPhone 6S .6S Plus iPhone SE iPhone 7. 7+ Let us introduce our latest developed application - Night Vision. The application takes real pictures and  …
by Konstantinos Papadakis

$0.99 | Released 10/26/2016
Call Blocker blocks unwanted calls from marketers, robocalls, debt collectors and scam callers using a pre-defined Blacklist and your custom blocked rules. Add ranges of bad & annoying phone numbers us …
by SensusTech LLC

$4.99 | Released 11/3/2018
This application allows to mirror the screen of your iPhone or iPad to any Samsung Smart TV. No wires and no additional hardware needed! You can mirror any app or content on your iPhone or iPad to your …
by Michelle Blair

$0.99 | Released 10/27/2016
Vibin Emoji has the best emojis to touch any stoners heart. Text your friends with these awesome emojis and let the high vibes run wild. Please leave a review for anything you want to see in the future …
by Download Apps

$0.99 | Released 4/29/2016
Download and browse files and documents on your iPhone, iPod or iPad like on your computer. No limits on storage or downloads! √ Full-featured Download Manager Auto-correct file name, fast speed, safe  …
by tijo, inc.

$1.99 | Released 6/1/2015
Opener is an app that allows you to open links from the web in apps instead! Copy a link and launch Opener to see the apps that it can be opened in, or use Opener's action extension right from other ap …
by Lidia Frias

$0.99 | Released 8/2/2018
Now with Augmented Reality! Preview all the designs in AR! Get the best card, greeting and event designs for Cricut and Silhouette machines. New designs added monthly. DISCLAIMER: This app includes in- …
by Ed Filowat

$9.99 | Released 12/9/2018
Backpack Studio allows you to easily create professional sounding, studio quality recordings - from anywhere in the world. Your show is automatically mixed in real-time, so you can focus on being creat …
by TLA Systems Ltd.

$9.99 | Released 7/11/2008
PCalc is the powerful choice for scientists, engineers, students, programmers, or indeed anybody looking for a feature rich calculator. It includes an optional RPN mode and multi-line display, a choice …
by Derek Spears

$0.99 | Released 6/19/2010
A simple application to see Local and Zulu time (GMT) or multiple time zones in a single glance. Useful for pilots in getting weather briefings and filing flight plans, or Ham radio operators to do tim …
by Pocket Life

$1.99 | Released 9/10/2013
-$4.99->$.99 only for next 24 hours -Create icon and install it into the Home Screen of your device without jailbreaking your device! Your Home Screen will never be the same. No more standard and somet …
by Renewed Vision LLC

$4.99 | Released 12/17/2008
ProPresenter Remote is the perfect companion for Renewed Vision's award winning ProPresenter presentation software. Using ProPresenter Remote you'll be able to control or observe many key features of a …
by Pratik Parekh

$2.99 | Released 1/31/2018
Hidden Camera Detector app helps you detect hidden spy cameras in hotel rooms, changing rooms and detect CCTV cameras. whether you are travelling, staying in hotel rooms or Airbnb or even trying cloths …
by Emre Turgay

$1.99 | Released 7/25/2018
It is time to have super-human hearing capabilities. There is more going around you than you might realize… Super Ear is an hearing enhancer that uses the built in microphone of your device. The input  …
by Anthony Walsh

$2.99 | Released 3/1/2015
This selection of 366 education videos covers all aspects of Ham Radio. From Class Licence, to equipment basics, to repeaters to safety - this app covers it all. Lessons include: Ham Radio Technician C …
by Dai Tran

$0.99 | Released 11/8/2017
ASCII Converter is a convenient tool which helps you convert a text to ASCII code (decimal) , binary code, octal code, hexadecimal code or vice versa. The results can be use for studying, researching,  …
by App Ideas

$3.99 | Released 5/15/2012
Total Files is the one stop file manager for iOS, with powerful PDF reader, cloud storage support and much more! Total Files supports DropBox, Google Drive, OneDrive and iCloud Files and offers iOS Fil …
by Cross Utility Ltd

$4.99 | Released 6/28/2017
***THIS APPLICATION DOES NOT PROVIDE ANY SERVER SIDE SERVICE*** Quantumult is a powerful proxy client. • Right now supports protocol Shadowsocks(r), HTTP, HTTP over TLS, SOCKS5 and SOCKS5 over TLS, VMe …